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邹院学术交流会 | 吴朦:媒体倾向的实证研究

2022-11-21

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NSFC“计量建模与经济政策研究”基础科学中心学术交流报告会第三讲


报告题目:Ownership, Partisanship, and Media Slant: Evidence from the U.S. Media during the Sino-U.S. Trade Conflict

报告人:吴朦,美国波士顿大学经济学院经济学博士,现任厦门大学经济学院、王亚南经济研究院助理教授,研究方向为:发展经济学、应用微观经济学、政治经济学

时间:2022年11月24日(周四),12:30-14:00

地点:经济楼A101

摘要:I explore what determines media slant towards foreign nations using the 2018-2019 Sino-U.S. trade negotiation as a testing ground. Using an event study design and coverage by local U.S. newspapers, I analyze how stories about China respond to shifts of U.S. policy towards China, and how this media reaction is determined by owners’ partisan affinity, controlling for readers’ characteristics. I find that local newspapers with Republican-leaning owners increase the intensity of negative coverage following a shift towards hostile trade policies relative to papers of nonpartisan owners, and they decrease this slant following a conciliatory shift; the opposite is true for Democratic leaning media owners. To address the potential endogeneity of diplomatic events, I select events that induced significant abnormal price fluctuations of trade-war-related financial securities. I further establish a causal effect of owners’ preferences by exploiting mergers and acquisitions among national conglomerates as a source of variation in political orientation of owners. These findings imply a spillover from domestic policy in the formation of citizens’ sentiment towards other nations: the media, as their lens to view the world, is colored by domestic political polarization.




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